What is LIMA LAD?

What is LIMA to LAD? LIMA LAD is a life-saving coronary artery bypass procedure that involves the left internal mammary artery and the left anterior descending artery. It opens the heart’s blood flow, saving the life of the patient. Left Internal Mammary Artery The left internal mammary artery, or LIMA, is located on the left side of the heart. Often, fatty deposits and other blockages settle in the vessels around the heart due to heart disease. This blockage puts a strain on the heart and prevents it from pumping efficiently. Minimally invasive bloodless  heart surgery that creates a new route for the blood flow can be a lifesaving procedure. A thin catheter with a balloon tip is inserted into the area of blockage. The balloon is inflated to gently stretch the vessel and release the blockage. Left Anterior Descending The left anterior descending artery, also known as the LAD, is the most important blood vessel in the heart, traveling between the left and right ventricles at the front of the heart. It carries life-giving blood around the heart. Without the ability to freely flow through this critical pathway, blood cannot make its way around the body to carry oxygen and nutrients. LIMA LAD Dr. Ciuffo offers a minimally invasive version o the  LIMA to LAD procedure that results in a small scar easily hidden under the fold of the breast. If you or a loved one is interested in minimally invasive heart surgery and may be a candidate for LIMA to LAD surgery, contact our office for your...

How Bloodless Surgery Benefits The Immune System

Benefits of Bloodless Surgery for the Immune System Bloodless surgery is often considered a choice made by those who cannot receive blood transfusions for religious reasons or due to concerns about blood-borne illnesses, but there are also significant benefits to the immune system. Blood transfusions can have a serious impact on the immune system, lowering your ability to fight off illness, allergic reactions, and inflammatory responses. Bloodless Surgery Blood transfusions s hock the immune system, introducing new elements at a time when the body is already vulnerable. Bloodless surgery reduces the risk of post-op infection, inflammation, and other complications. The recovery rate is much faster with bloodless surgery since the body does not have to deal with the shock of introducing new blood to the system. The cost of bloodless surgery to hopsitals is much lower than traditional surgery, and there are far fewer risks involved. Bloodless Heart Surgery Heart surgery is a difficult ordeal for the body to endure. By removing one element of the trauma- blood transfusion, from the equation, bloodless heart surgery becomes safer and less challenging for the patient to undergo. The improved recovery rate, less chances of infection or allergic reaction, and less chance of inflammation all contribute to making bloodless heart surgery a good choice for many candidates. Bloodless Heart Surgery Consultation If you or a loved one are facing heart surgery, come to Dr. Ciuffo for a full evaluation and to explore the options available to you. Dr. Ciuffo understands the specific needs and concerns of Jehovah’s Witnesses and other people of faith. He will review your full medical history and discuss...

What is Vascular Surgery?

What is Vascular Surgery? What is vascular surgery? When we try to define vascular surgery, it’s important to remember that “vascular” means anything relating to the systems that carry the blood through the body. Therefore, the vascular surgeon definition relates to any medical professional that carries out surgery relating to the heart and blood vessels. A vascular surgeon is a highly-trained, highly specialized surgeon who has experience dealing with the vascular and related systems. What does a Vascular Surgeon Do? Vascular surgeons don’t just carry out surgery. They perform all sorts of procedures related to heart and vascular health, including prescribing medications and treatment plans that do not involve surgery. Often, cardio-vascular problems can be treated through medication, diet, and exercise. Surgery should be considered a last option, to be considered only if truly necessary. Your vascular surgeon will work with you to avoid the need for surgery if at all possible. What to Expect The exact procedure and preparation for vascular surgery will depend upon the type and location of surgery you’re scheduled to receive. You will be asked to refrain from drinking alcohol, smoking, or using certain prescription drugs. Be sure to talk to your doctor about any home remedies, over the counter medications, or other drugs you may be using. Recovery from Vascular Surgery Recovery may take only days or may take months, depending upon the type of surgery and the location. If you require a heart valve replacement, for example, recovery can take months. It’s important during recovery from vascular surgery to follow your doctor’s instructions carefully. You may need to return slowly to normal...

What Vital Signs are Most Important?

What Vital Signs are Most Important? Normal vital signs give doctors a baseline to go by when evaluating a patient’s overall health and condition. The basic vital signs shouldn’t vary much beyond certain parameters, and extreme fluctuations are the first signs of something gone wrong in the body. Vital Signs Definition The basic vital signs definition is clinical measurements of pulse rate, temperature, respiration rate and blood pressure. These four measurements are the best indications of whether the body is functioning as expected, or if something has gone wrong. By taking these measurements, your doctor can begin to get a feel for whether your heart and other major organs are functioning properly. What is the Order for Taking Vital Signs? The normal order of taking vital signs is the pulse, respiration, temperature, and blood pressure. The signs may be measured in a different order, depending upon the symptoms the patient is exhibiting. Remember that vital signs are not a magic formula, but rather a diagnostic tool that the doctor uses to determine the basics of organ function. How to Take Blood Pressure You can take your blood pressure with either an aneroid (traditional) meter or a digital meter. Both are accurate and useful, but some people find it easier to read the digital meter. To get the most accurate measurements, sit quietly for at least 5 minutes before you attempt the test. Avoid caffeine and alcohol for at least a half hour before the test. Sit with your feet flat on the floor and your arm resting on a firm, level surface. Carefully follow the instructions that come with...

When Should I worry About Chest Pain?

When Should I worry About Chest Pain? Chest pain can be alarming, since the symptoms of a heart attack are often varied and inconsistent from person to person. When should you go to the hospital for chest pain? If there is any doubt about the cause of the pain, it’s always best to err on the side of safety and visit the ER or call your doctor. What is Thrombosis? A thrombosis definition is simple enough, but there are many conditions related to the diagnosis. Thrombosis is, quite simply, the thickening of the blood within the vessels- commonly known as a blood clot. A clot can slow the flow of blood to a specific area, leading to pain, swelling, and tissue death. It can cause severe damage within the body, even leading to a heart attack. If you suspect you have a blood clot, seek a doctor’s attention immediately. What is Thrombosis Disease? Many conditions can cause thrombosis, disease of the vascular system, heart, and other systems can all contribute to excessive clotting. A lack of movement or poor circulation can also lead to thrombosis. When the blood coagulates inside of a vein, the resulting clot restricts or stops blood flow, leading to further damage and sometimes aggravating already-existing conditions. Trauma, injury, disease, illness, lack of movement and circulatory issues can all contribute to thrombosis. Deep Vein Thrombosis Deep vein thrombosis is a clot that has become lodged in one of the deep veins in the body, usually the legs. The result can be redness, pain, swelling, weakness, nausea, and the clot can break loose and travel to the...

What is Thoracic Surgery Recovery Like?

What is Thoracic Surgery Recovery Like? What is thoracic surgery?  Any surgery that is performed with an incision that enters through the chest is considered thoracic surgery, including open heart surgery. Recovering from thoracic surgery is a long process. The recovery process will depend upon the exact type of surgery you have, the placement and size of the incision, the condition of the individual patient, and the care taken post-surgery. What is Thoracic Surgery? Often referred to as open-heart surgery, thoracic surgery may address a problem with the heart, esophagus, lungs, trachea, aorta, or diaphragm. Open heart surgery poses a significant challenge when it comes to healing. It’s going to take time to get back to feeling your best. It’s common to feel very tired and run down for six to eight weeks following the surgery. Your chest may feel swollen and sore for up to six weeks following the surgery. Most patients who have traditional open heart surgery go home with staples or stitches holding the incision closed while it heals. Most also require drainage tubes to remove excess fluid and air that can build up during surgery. Those tubes will most likely be removed before leaving the hospital. If the tubes remain in place, you’ll be given special instructions for post-surgery care. Minimally Invasive Thoracic Surgery The surgery itself does not have to be an invasive trauma. Minimally invasive, bloodless heart surgery relies upon a much smaller incision and provides a much shorter healing time than traditional open heart surgery. While recovery following any heart surgery is a long and arduous process, it’s important to choose the...