Cardiovascular Risk: What Men Need To Know

cardiovascular risk

Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide, and it poses a significant threat to men’s health. While cardiovascular risk affects both genders, men often face unique challenges and factors that increase their susceptibility. Understanding these risk factors and taking proactive steps toward heart health is crucial for men of all ages. 

Cardiovascular Risk In Men

With heart disease being the leading cause of death for men in the United States, accounting for 1 in 4 male deaths, it is essential to explore the key aspects of cardiovascular risk that men need to be aware of. Dr. Ciuffo is an expert in high-risk heart surgery cases. His techniques and protocols allow for excellent results and greatly improved quality of life. Continue reading to learn more about cardiovascular risk in men, and what you need to know. 

Age and Heart Health

Age plays a critical role in cardiovascular risk. As men grow older, their risk of heart disease tends to increase. According to the American Heart Association, men over the age of 45 are at greater risk of heart disease, especially if they have a family history of heart conditions. However, this doesn’t mean that younger men are immune to heart problems. Lifestyle choices and genetic factors can influence heart health at any age.


Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is often referred to as the “silent killer” because it typically shows no symptoms until it leads to more severe health issues. Men are more likely than women to develop hypertension, especially as they age. High blood pressure puts extra strain on the heart and blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other cardiovascular problems. Regular blood pressure checks and lifestyle modifications, such as a heart-healthy diet and exercise, are essential for managing this risk.

Cholesterol Levels Matter

Cholesterol is a fatty substance that circulates in the blood. While the body needs cholesterol for various functions, too much of it, especially low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, can clog arteries and increase the risk of heart disease. Men tend to have higher cholesterol levels than women, putting them at greater risk. Monitoring cholesterol levels through blood tests and adopting a low-cholesterol diet can help manage this risk factor.

Smoking and Heart Disease

Smoking is a major contributor to heart disease and one of the most preventable risk factors. Men have historically had higher smoking rates than women, which has contributed to their elevated cardiovascular risk. Smoking damages blood vessels, reduces oxygen in the blood, and increases the risk of blood clots—all of which can lead to heart attacks and strokes. Quitting smoking is one of the most effective ways for men to reduce their cardiovascular risk.

Physical Inactivity and Obesity

A sedentary lifestyle and obesity are significant risk factors for heart disease. Men, particularly as they age, may become less physically active, leading to weight gain and muscle loss. Obesity is associated with conditions like diabetes and sleep apnea, which further increase cardiovascular risk. Regular physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight are essential for heart health.

Stress and Mental Health

Stress is another risk factor that can have a substantial impact on men’s heart health. Chronic stress can lead to unhealthy coping mechanisms such as overeating, excessive alcohol consumption, or smoking, all of which increase the risk of heart disease. Furthermore, untreated mental health issues like depression and anxiety can contribute to cardiovascular problems. Men should seek support and practice stress-reduction techniques to protect their hearts.

Family History and Genetics

Family history plays a crucial role in assessing cardiovascular risk. If a man has close relatives who have had heart disease, especially at a young age, his risk may be higher due to genetic factors. While we can’t change our genetics, understanding family history can prompt proactive measures like earlier screenings and lifestyle adjustments.

Alcohol Consumption

While moderate alcohol consumption may have some heart benefits, excessive drinking can harm the cardiovascular system. Men tend to drink more alcohol than women, and heavy drinking can raise blood pressure, contribute to obesity, and increase the risk of heart disease. It’s essential to strike a balance and limit alcohol consumption to moderate levels to protect heart health.

Contact Dr. Ciuffo Today

Men need to be proactive about their cardiovascular health. Regular check-ups with healthcare providers can help monitor risk factors and detect early signs of heart disease.  If you or a loved one is interested in further information about heart health or cardiovascular risk, please get in contact with us today. Visit our website to make an appointment, or call our office at (702) 333-7200 to speak with a team member. For additional information about our practice, please visit Nevada Heart and Vascular or University Medical Center.

A picture of Giovanni B. Ciuffo, MD wearing his Mercy One doctor attire.

About the Author

Giovanni B. Ciuffo, MD Director is an expert in Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery and Bloodless Heart Surgery is the outcome of his commitment to the development and improvement of both of these techniques. He runs a Cardiothoracic Surgery practice and manages Minimally Invasive and Bloodless Heart Surgery Program where he cares for patients from all over the country and locally. Click here to learn more about Dr. Ciuffo.

Board Certified:
American Board of Surgery
American Board of Thoracic Surgery