A Beginner’s Guide to the Hearts Structure

A Beginner’s Guide to the Hearts Structure

The heart is the symbol of love, affection, and intimacy for many. However, not everyone knows much about the actual the hearts structure. What is the difference between a valve and a chamber? What are the major arteries and veins? If you don’t know the answers to these questions, then this is blog is going to answer all of your questions about the hearts structure. Heart Chambers The hearts structure is divided into four main parts called chambers. These four chambers are divided into two groups: The Atriums are located within the upper part of the heart. There is one is on the right side, and the other is on the left side. Oxygenated blood is pumped through the left atrium into the body. Once the blood has deposited oxygen to other parts of the body, it is pumped into the right atrium of the heart where it is recycled. The Ventricles are on the bottom of the heart and often considered its main chambers which collect blood from the left atrium and expels it toward the lungs. Heart Valves Blood flows through the hearts structure in one direction from one chamber to the next through a series of valves. These valves consist of tissue that is about as thick as a piece of paper. Like the heart chambers, there are four heart valves between each of the chambers. The tricuspid valve is the right atrioventricular valve. The bicuspid or mitral valve is the left atrioventricular valve is. The pulmonary semilunar valve is between the right ventricle and pulmonary trunk. The aortic semilunar valve is between the left ventricle...

What Causes Pulse Deficit?

When you are enjoying an athletic activity you will notice your heart beats faster than when you are just resting and reading a book. When you exercise your body may need three to four times your normal cardiac output. This happens because your muscles need more oxygen when you exert energy. So what causes pulse deficit and what is it? Pulse deficit is when one finds a difference in count between heartbeat and peripheral pulse. So what causes pulse deficit in people? In this blog, we will address what pulse deficit is, the causes, how to take a pulse, symptoms, and treatments. What is Pulse Deficit? Pulse deficit occurs when the heart is contracting and the pulse is not reaching the periphery. Pulse deficit can be dangerous if not treated properly, this is especially true if heart conditions run in your family. No need to worry because once you know the signs and what causes pulse deficit you will know to reach out to a doctor to get help for yourself or a loved one.  Taking a Pulse If you are wondering if your family member has a pulse deficit it is important to know how to properly take a pulse. You can begin taking a pulse by putting two fingers on a person’s neck or wrist.  When Measuring Pulse in Someone’s Wrist: Have the person’s arm held out straight, with the palm of their hand facing upwards Place your first finger and middle fingers on their wrist, near the base of their thumb Pull out a clock that shows your the seconds clearly, count how many beats you...
What Changes Should I Make Before and After Heart Surgery?

What Changes Should I Make Before and After Heart Surgery?

No matter what stage of life you are in, healthy nutrition is important to maintain good health, prevent many diseases, feel good, and is vital for our hearts. Heart disease is the number one cause of death of women and men in the United States. If that doesn’t alarm you I don’t know what will. If heart surgery is on the horizon for you, you can prepare with some lifestyle changes and know what needs to change once you are in recovery.  Changes to Make Before Heart Surgery Quit smoking because it inhibits the body’s ability to heal.  If you have diabetes be sure to keep your blood sugars well controlled. High blood sugar also makes it hard for our bodies to heal.  You want to have quality nutrition before entering surgery. Our bodies get stressed when we are sick or have surgeries, so it is important to have good nutrition before surgery to help you heal faster after your surgery is completed. If your normal routine is healthy then don’t change your system. If you notice you’ve had a poor diet and haven’t been eating normally and have lost some weight, try finding foods and drinks you can have that will give you the calories you need. You don’t want to be losing weight and on a strict diet before surgery.  Changes to Make After Heart Surgery After your surgery, you will again want to be having good nutrition. After a major surgery, your body will need more protein and enough calories to recover. Sometimes this is hard to achieve because of certain medications you are consuming.  If...

Disadvantages of Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery

Minimally invasive heart surgery utilizes healthcare professionals in cardiac, surgery, cardiac anesthesiologist, perfusionist, assistants, and nurses in the operating room. Each professional brings their specialized and unique expertise which is important to ensure the best possible outcome for the patient. There are some disadvantages to consider when looking into minimally invasive heart surgery. There are also some great advantages.  Disadvantages of Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery Not Everyone is a Candidate To be a candidate for minimally invasive surgery you have to have a blocked or diseased vessel on the left side of the heart only. Or a requirement can be you had not previously had bypass surgery as well as no preexisting scar tissue on the heart or chest. A disadvantage of minimally invasive heart surgery is not everyone is a good candidate for the procedure. Surgeons are researching new ways to apply the surgery so overtime more and more people will be able to benefit from the procedure.  Long Time in the Operating Room  Another disadvantage of Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery is the surgery takes a longer time in the operating room.  Advantages of Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery Shorten Recovery Time  There is a smaller incision during minimally invasive surgery, which means there is less of a wound to heal. When less healing is needed, your body can heal quickly and reduce the recovery period from four to eight weeks with conventional open surgery to two to four weeks with minimally invasive surgery. There will also be less pain and the incision will go away more quickly because of the smaller incision. This allows for the advantage of...

Emotional Changes After Open Heart Surgery

Open heart surgery is a big decision to make and the most common type of surgery performed on adults. During the surgery, a healthy vein or artery is attached to a blocked coronary artery. This allows the grafted artery to bypass the blocked artery and bring fresh blood to the heart. Before one undergoes heart surgery they will start preparing, who will pick up their medicine when recovering, who will handle household responsibilities, and who will pick up their slack at work. One thing people might not prepare for is emotional changes that come after open-heart surgery and how to stay positive during the recovery season. Cardiac Depression  Up to 25% of patients experience cardiac depression after surgery. Factors that can increase the risk of depression include reactions to anesthesia, effects of antibiotics, pain and discomfort while recovering, reactions to certain pain relievers, emotional stress resulting from the surgery, or concerns about the impact on the quality of life. We think of our mood as based on how we feel. But having a positive and uplifting outlook during recovery can improve your physical healing process. Emotional changes after heart surgery will occur but you have the power to captivate your thoughts into being positive and potentially help your recovery process. There are some strategies that can improve your odds of feeling good during recovery.  Reduce Emotional Changes  Knowing what to expect before, during, and after your surgery can help reduce depression symptoms. This shows the importance of asking your provider any and all questions you have. Your physician wants you to feel comfortable before, during, and after the surgery....